The U.S., Britain, and Japan(?) are leading an effort to develop a cash incentive plan for the Taliban to stop their resistance in Afghanistan. The scheme would offer cash, jobs and other incentives to the Taliban and fighters in other armed groups.
Parts of the funds would be spent on projects to develop the fighters' villages and building roads to their communities. " Many people are not actually fighting for the Taliban but alongside the Taliban because of poverty and other local concerns, because of tribal issues."
More at this link..